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英语选修7第一单元重点、难点词汇(一)

作者:未知     来源:网络    2017-02-22

 
  1. Her ambition is to become part of the national team for the next Para Olympic Games.(P1) 她的雄心就是成为下一届残奥会国家队的成员。
 
  关键透析ambition (n.) 雄心
 
  His ambition is the presidency. 他的抱负是成为一名总统。
 
  联想拓展
 
  Ambitious  adj. 志向远大的; 有雄心壮志的;有野心的
 
  be ambitious for [power, social position, etc.] 极欲获得[权力, 社会地位等]
 
  be ambitious of success渴望成功
 
  be ambitious to serve the people一心想为人民服务
 
  1) After several hours’ work, she had no ambition to go shopping.
 
  经过几个小时的工作,她没有精力去购物了。
 
  2) The prince was attracted by the girl’s beauty, and ambitious to marry her.
 
  王子为女孩的美貌打动了,渴望能娶到她。
 
  即时活用
 
  1) His ambition is to sail around the world.
 
  他的理想就是环游世界。
 
  2) As an ambitious leader, he wants to guide the local people to lead a happy life.
 
  作为一个志向远大的领导者,他想带领当地人们过上幸福的生活。
 
  2. … why disabled people find the website beneficial. (P1)
 
  为什么残疾人发现这个网站很有益处。
 
  关键透析beneficial  (adj.) 有益的
 
  A temperate climate is beneficial to the senior people.
 
  温和气候有利于老年人的健康。
 
  联想拓展
 
  benefit v. &n.有助于;受益;利益,好处
 
  be beneficial to sth./sb.对……有益
 
  be of benefit to对……有益
 
  for the benefit of为了……(的利益)
 
  benefit from从……中受益
 
  1) Sunshine is beneficial to plants. 阳光对植物有益。
 
  2) I hope what I have written will be of benefit to someone else who may feel the same way.
 
  我希望我写的这些将对有同感的人有帮助.
 
  3) Both sides have benefited from the peace talks.双方都从和谈中受益。
 
  3. In other words, there are not many people like me. (P2)
 
  换句话说,世界上像我这样的人并不多。
 
  关键透析in other words 换句话说,也就是说;一般在句中作状语。
 
  They asked him to leave the company - in other words, he was fired.他们要他离开公司-换句话说他被解雇了。
 
  联想拓展
 
  写出下列word 短语的中文意思。
 
  (1) in a / one word
 
  (2) in words
 
  (3) beyond words
 
  (4) break one’s word
 
  (5) eat one’s word
 
  (6 )get in a word
 
  (7) have a word with sb.
 
  (8) have words with sb.
 
  (9)keep one’s word
 
  (10)word for word
 
  4. Unfortunately, the doctors don’t know how to make me better, but I am very outgoing and have learned to adapt to my disability. (P2)不幸的是,大夫们不知道如何治好我的病,但是我很开朗乐观,学会了适应身体的残疾。
 
  关键透析adapt  (v.)  使适应;改编
 
  The movie was adapted from a novel. 这部电影是由小说改编的。
 
  用法归纳
 
  adapt (oneself) to sth.适应某物
 
  adapt…to…使……适应……
 
  adapt sth. for sth. from sth.根据某事将……改编成……
 
  be adapted from…  由……改编
 
  1) You should adapt yourself to the new environment. 你应该适应新环境。
 
  2) The makers adapted the cartoons film for children from the American original.
 
  影片制作人为了孩子们将这本美国原著改编成了卡通电影。
 
  3) He has not yet adapted to the climate.他还没适应这种气候。
 
  易混辨析:adopt采用;收养
 
  联想拓展
 
  写出adapt适当的词形。
 
  (1)______________adj. 有适用能力的;能适应的
 
  (2)______________ n.改编本,改写本;适应
 
  5. My motto is: live one day at a time. (P2) 我的座右铭是:活一天算一天。
 
  关键透析at a time 一次,依次,每次
 
  The girl often eats one apple at a time, but at one time she ate several apples in an hour.
 
  现在这女孩经常每次吃一个苹果,但她曾经一个小时吃了几个。
 
  联想拓展
 
  time n.
 
  (1)[U]时间,时
 
  (2)[U]时候;时刻
 
  (3)[C,U]时机;机会
 
  (4)[U](特定的)时期、时令
 
  (5)[U](一段)时间;期间 a time
 
  (6)[C](常用复)(特定的)时期;时势;时节;日子;境况
 
  (7)[C](常用复)时代;(历史)时期 the time当代
 
  (8)……期  in my time 在我一生中
 
  (9)[C]次、回 several times数次
 
  (10)[复]倍(用于3倍以上)
 
  (11)[U](规定的)工作时间;占用时间;所需时间
 
  (12)[Times][用于报刊名]时报
 
  all the time一直,始终    of the time当代的,当时的 a
 
  t times   有时  many a time屡次
 
  at one time 以前,曾经  several times数次 ahead of time  提前   at that time在那时
 
  in time of 在……时候   after a time过了一段时间 once upon a time  从前  have a good time玩得愉快from time to time  有时  at one time 以前,曾经kill time 消遣  for the time being暂时
 
  in no time 很快  out of time 不合时宜
 
  in time  及时  at any time在任何时候,随时
 
  for the first time   第一次   on time 准时
 
  特别提示in no time 放在句首时,句子要倒装。
 
  In no time did he leave at the news. 听到这消息后他马上离开。
 
 
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