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英语选修7第一单元重点、难点词汇(二)

作者:未知     来源:网络    2017-02-22

  6. So sometimes kids laugh at me when I get out of breath after running just a short way. (P2) 因此上小学时,有些孩子见跑一小段路之后我喘不过气就会笑话我。
 
  关键透析out of breath 上气不接下气,喘不过气,相当于breathless。
 
  When Alice managed to catch up with the other girls running all the
 
  way she was out of breath
 
  当艾丽斯一路跑步赶上其他女孩时,已喘不过气。
 
  Don’t make him carry such a heavy box, or he will be out of breath.
 
  别让他搬那么重的箱子,否则他会喘不过气的。
 
  联想拓展
 
  hold one’s breath 屏息 catch one’s breath 松一口气
 
  get one’s breath 喘过气来,恢复正常(呼吸)
 
  take a deep breath 深深地吸了一口气
 
  out of control 失控 out of sight 看不见
 
  out of order 坏了  out of one’s reach 够不着
 
  out of question 没问题,毫无疑问 out of the question 不可能
 
  特别提示out of .... 只是介词短语,不能单独作谓语。
 
  He out of breath after running back to the classroom. (错误句子)
 
  He became out of breath after running back to the classroom.(正确句子)
 
  7. The few who cannot see the real person inside my body do not make me annoyed. (P2)还有些同学看不见我的内心世界,但是我并不生气。
 
  关键透析annoy  vt. 使生气, 使烦恼
 
  Stop annoying me. I am busy.别烦你哥哥,他现在很忙。
 
  It annoyed him when someone made fun of his ugly handwriting.
 
  当有人取笑他的字迹难看时,他就十分恼火。
 
  用法归纳
 
  be annoyed at/by sth.因为某事而感到困扰
 
  get /be annoyed with sb.生某人的气
 
  annoying 令人恼火的
 
  annoyed 恼怒的;烦恼的
 
  (1)These flies are annoying me.
 
  这些苍蝇让我很烦。
 
  (2)What annoyed him most was that he hadn’t received her letter.
 
  让他最为恼火的是至今他还没有收到她的来信。
 
  即时活用
 
  写出下面的词或短语。
 
  (1)感到烦恼的(adj.) ________________________
 
  (2)令人烦恼的(adj.) _________________________
 
  (3)对某人/事生气__________________________
 
  8. All in all, I have a good life. (P2)总而言之,我生活的挺好。
 
  关键透析 all in all 总的说来,总而言之,相当于副词,在句中作状语。
 
  All in all, the movie is a great success. 总的说来,电影很成功。
 
  联想拓展:all in all的同义词组有:in a / one word; on the whole; in general all told  总共,合计all alone 独自,独立地all up 彻底完蛋 all along 始终,一直,一向 and all  连同其他一切all around (在……)周围,各处  at all  根本不,一点也不
 
  all at once 突然,忽然,同时,一下子
 
  for all  尽管  all but 几乎,差点儿  in all  总共
 
  all in疲倦not at all 根本不,别客气all of 实足,至少once (and)for all最后一次
 
  all one to 对……来说都一样  all out 竭尽全力all over 全部结束,浑身,到处
 
  all right(身体)好;情况不错 all the more 更加,益发 all the same 尽管如此,仍旧
 
  9. So don’t feel sorry for the disabled or make fun of them, and ignore them either. (P3)
 
  因此,不要感到残疾人可怜,或者取笑他们,也不要瞧不起他们。
 
  关键透析 make fun of 取笑,嘲笑,相当于tease。 
 
  We should not make fun of the classmates when they can not answer the questions correctly.
 
  当同学们不能正确回答问题时,我们不应该嘲笑他们。
 
  特别提示make fun of 用在被动语态结构时,请不要漏掉介词 of
 
  Nobody likes being made fun of.
 
  没有人喜欢被嘲笑。
 
  联想拓展
 
  play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑
 
  play a trick on sb. 捉弄某人
 
  10. Why has his fellow students’ conduct changed towards Marty?
 
  关键透析conduct n. vt. & vi. 表现,经营,实施,引导
 
  1) The chairperson conducted the hearing.  主席先生主持了这个听证会。
 
  2) His conduct of the business was very successful. 他的事业进展得相当顺利。
 
  3) The curator conducted the visitors round the museum. 馆长领着游客们在博物馆中参观。
 
  联想拓展
 
  conductor n. 领导者, 经理,
 
  a bad conduct恶劣行为
 
  under the conduct of在...指导[管理]下
 
  11. Her motto is “The key to happiness lies in endless new interests.” (P4)
 
  她的座右铭是:幸福的关键在于不断产生对新鲜事物的兴趣。
 
  lie in 在于,位于
 
  China lies in the southeast of Asia. 
 
  中国位于亚洲东南部。
 
  His success lies in his hard work.  
 
  他的成功在于他的努力。
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