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必修五英语 Unit 3 阅读理解练习

作者:未知     来源:学苑新报    2016-01-14

 
  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
 
  A ★
 
  John H. Johnson was born in a family in Arkansas City in 1918. His father died in an accident when John was six. He was reaching the high school age, but his hometown offered no high school for blacks.
 
  Fortunately he has a strong-willed and caring mother. John remembered that his mother told him many times, "Son, you can be anything you really want to be if you just believe." She told him not to rely on others, including his mother. "You have to earn success," said she, "all the people who work hard don’t succeed, but the only people who do succeed are those who work hard."
 
  These words came from a woman with less than a third grade education. She also knew that belief and hard work don’t mean everything. So she worked hard as a cook for two years to save enough money to take her son, who was then 15, to Chicago.
 
  Chicago in 1933 was not the Promised Land that black southerners were looking for. John’s mother and his stepfather could not find work. But here John could go to school, and here he learned the power of words — as an editor of the newspaper at Du Sable High School. His wish was to publish a magazine for blacks.
 
  While others discouraged him, John’s mother offered him more words to live by: "Nothing beats a failure but a try." She also sold their furniture to get the 500 dollars he needed to start the Negro magazine.
 
  It’s natural that difficulties and failures followed John closely until he became very successful. He always kept his mother’s words in mind. "Son, failure is not in your dictionary." Finally John H. Johnson became one of the 400 richest people in America — worth 150 million dollars.
 
  (    )21. John’s mother decided to move to Chicago because _______.
 
  A. his father died when John was very young
 
  B. life was too hard for them to live in their hometown
 
  C. there was no school for black people in their hometown
 
  D. John needed more education badly
 
  (    )22. John’s mother ________.
 
  A. didn’t believe in or depend on others
 
  B. thought no one could succeed without working hard
 
  C. believed one would succeed without working hard
 
  D. thought one could be whatever one wanted to be
 
  (    )23. The story mainly tells us ________.
 
  A. about the spiritual support John’s mother gave him
 
  B. how John H. Johnson became successful
 
  C. about the importance of a good education
 
  D. about the key to success for blacks
 
  B ★★
 
  People have always been curious about what our future will be like. The answers are quite simple and here you have them for the next 150 years.
 
  How can we know what the future will be like? To understand the future better, you must know the past. What has taken us to where we are today and what has changed along the way? The world has changed a lot in the last 150 years, but we humans are driven by the same basic needs as we were 150 years ago, such as food, sleep, the feeling of being loved. Will these change in the next 150 years? No.
 
  What role have inventions really played in the last 150 years? In the past years, the inventions that have influenced most people around the world for everyday living are the telephone, the electricity, the radio, the television, the computer, the car and the ability to communicate through the Internet. Then we of course will have a lot of inventions that will make life easier, like new medicine, faster transportation, etc. In general, human beings have been working hard in the last 150 years to make the inventions so that they will be able to take command of the time and the world. Since there is still much to do in this area, this will be the focus at least for the next 150 years.
 
  Why do we need to predict (预测) the future? Predicting the future is important for two reasons: first, we need to start to think about what kind of future we would like for ourselves and to pass on to the next generation, and then we need to know what decisions we need to make today that will give the best result in the future.
 
  (    )24. Our past inventions have made _______.
 
  A. our daily life more difficult
 
  B. it easy for us to live
 
  C. our work easily done
 
  D. us work less time
 
  (    )25. In order to keep the world under control, humans will _______.
 
  A. produce more cars for transportation
 
  B. spend more time working on the Internet
 
  C. change their basic needs
 
  D. focus on making more inventions
 
  (    )26. The last paragraph mainly tells us _______.
 
  A. what result we’ll receive in the future
 
  B. the two reasons for predicting the future
 
  C. how to predict the future
 
  D. the decisions we make for our future
 
  (    )27. The author wrote this text in order to _________.
 
  A. show us what our future will be like
 
  B. clear away our doubts about the future
 
  C. explain his positive ideas about the future
 
  D. tell us what to prepare for the future
 
  C ★★
 
  Almost every day we come across situations in which we have to make decisions one way or another. Choice, we are given to believe, is a right. But for a good many people in the world, in rich and poor countries, choice is a luxury, something wonderful but hard to get, not a right. And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices, the whole system is merely an illusion, a false idea created by companies and advertisers, hoping to sell their products.
 
  The endless choice gives birth to anxiety in people’s lives. Buying something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Enough chances to buy a wide range (范围) of everyday goods lead to a sense of powerlessness in many people, ending in the shopper giving up and walking away, or just buying an unsuitable item that is not really wanted. Recent studies in England have shown that many electrical goods bought in almost every family are not really needed. More difficult decision-making is then either avoided or trusted into the hands of the professionals, lifestyle instructors, or advisors.
 
  It is not just the availability of the goods that is the problem, but the speed with which new types of products come on the market. Advances in design and production help quicken the process (过程). Products also need to have a short lifespan so that the public can be persuaded to replace them within a short time. The typical (典型的) example is computers, which are almost out-of-date once they are bought. This indeed makes selection a problem. Gone are the days when one could just walk with ease into a shop and buy one thing; no choice, no anxiety.
 
  (    )28. What does the author try to argue in Paragraph 1?
 
  A. The exercise of rights is a luxury.
 
  B. The practice of choice is difficult.
 
  C. The right of choice is given but at a price.
 
  D. Choice and right exist at the same time.
 
  (    )29. Why do more choices of goods give rise to anxiety?
 
  A. Professionals find it hard to decide on a suitable product.
 
  B. People are likely to find themselves overcome by business persuasion.
 
  C. Shoppers may find themselves lost in the broad range of items.
 
  D. Companies and advertisers are often misleading about the range of choice.
 
  (    )30. By using computers as an example, the author
 
  wants to prove that _______.
 
  A. advanced products meet the needs of people
 
  B. products of the latest design fill the market
 
  C. competition is severe in high-tech industry
 
  D. everyday goods need to be replaced often
 
  (    )31. What is this passage mainly about?
 
  A. The variety of choices in modern society.
 
  B. The opinions on people’s right in different countries.
 
  C. The problems about the availability of everyday goods.
 
  D. The helplessness in purchasing (购买) decisions.
 
  D ★★★
 
  If you go into a coffee shop in the coming months and see someone with a pair of glasses that look like a supporter of the movie Star Trek, don’t worry. It’s probably just a Google employee testing the company’s new glasses.
 
  Recently, Google gave people a clearer picture of its secret glasses called Project Glass. The glasses are the company’s first project into wearable computing. The glasses are not yet for sale. Google will, however, be testing them in public. In a post shared on Google Plus, employees in the company lab known as Google X, including Babak Parviz, Steve Lee and Sebastian Thrun, asked people for input (输入) about the prototype (雏形) of Project Glass. Mr. Lee, a Google product manager who originally worked on Google maps, mobile maps and indoor maps, is responsible for the software and the location-based aspects of the glasses.
 
  The prototype Google shown recently looked like a well-designed pair of glasses with a clear display that sits above the eyes. The glasses can stream information to the lenses (镜头) and allow the wearer to send and receive messages through voice commands. There is also a built-in camera to record videos and take pictures.
 
  A video released by Google recently showed possible uses for Project Glass. A man wanders around the streets of New York City, communicating with friends, seeing maps and information, and taking pictures. All of this is seen through the glasses, and that can benefit the user and his friends a lot.
 
  One person who has used the glasses said, "They let technology get out of your way. If I want to take a picture I don’t have to reach into my pocket and take out my phone; I just press a button at the top of the glasses and that’s it."
 
  (    )32. When you see a person wearing a pair of Project Glass, you may feel _______.
 
  A. disappointed    B. astonished
 
  C. hopeless          D. energetic
 
  (    )33. What can we infer from Paragraph 2?
 
  A. Sebastian is in charge of the software.
 
  B. Google Plus is in fact a lab.
 
  C. The studying of Project Glass is still a secret.
 
  D. Customers can’t buy a pair of Project Glass now.
 
  (    )34. Which of the following statements about Project Glass is TRUE?
 
  A. The wearer can take pictures using the lenses.
 
  B. The glasses have a clear display under the eyes.
 
  C. The wearer can send messages through voice orders.
 
  D. The glasses can receive information from the lenses.
 
  (    )35. According to the text, Project Glass will be ____.
 
  A. helpful   B. expensive   C. harmful    D. useless
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