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必修一英语 Unit 3 单元测试题

作者:未知     来源:学苑新报    2016-01-25

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
 
  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
 
  A ★
 
  Two thieves came to a house to steal something. They dug a hole in the wall of the house.
 
  There lived many mice in the house. The woman in the moonlight saw a mouse crawl (爬行) into the house. "Look! In comes one," she said to the man in the house. The thief was so frightened(害怕的) that he hurriedly crawled out of the house and said to the one waiting outside, "She found me when I was just in." But the thief outside didn’t believe him, so he said, "Let’s try to crawl into the house together." At that time two mice happened to crawl into the house, too. The woman saw the mice and shouted, "In come two. Catch them!" The two thieves were terribly frightened. The man in the house said, "You saw them come in but where are they? I will catch them tonight." The two thieves started running away at once.
 
  The two thieves wanted to make it clear whether they had been found or not the night before. The next day they acted as men selling sweet potatoes and came before the house. The man and the woman were ploughing in their fields. The rope broke and the woman came home for a rope. She saw two men selling sweet potatoes and wanted to buy some. She picked out two which looked like mice. At the time the man couldn’t wait for her any longer in the fields and he ran back from the fields to hurry her up. The woman showed the sweet potatoes to the man and said, "How they look like the two of last night." The man said, "I asked you to fetch a rope. Why don’t you hurry for it?" Hearing this, the two thieves ran away very quickly without their sweet potatoes.
 
  (    )1. The two thieves failed to steal anything from the house because _____.
 
  A. they were found
 
  B. they were frightened by what they had heard in the house
 
  C. they didn’t work well with each other
 
  D. mice stopped them from doing so
 
  (    )2. From the last paragraph, we know that _____.
 
  A. the two thieves were famous for selling sweet potatoes
 
  B. the woman recognized the two thieves
 
  C. the man caught the two thieves with a rope
 
  D. the two thieves didn’t know that they were not found at all
 
  (    )3. When the woman said, "How they look like the two of last night." _____.
 
  A. she spoke about the two thieves
 
  B. she meant nothing
 
  C. she said it on purpose
 
  D. she spoke about the mice
 
 
  B ★★
 
  It’s great fun to explore (探索) new places — it feels like an adventure, even when you know you’re not the first to have been there. But make sure not to get lost or waste time going round in circles.
 
  Do the map reading if you’re being driven somewhere. It’ll be easier if you keep turning the map. Keep looking ahead so that you can give the driver lots of warning before having to make a turn, or you’ll have to move to the back seat.
 
  Get a group of friends together and go exploring. You’ll need a good map, a compass (指南针), a raincoat, a cell phone to call for help in case you get lost, and a bit of spare cash for emergencies(应急现金). Tell someone where you’re going before you set out and let them know what time you expect to be back. The test is in not getting lost, not in seeing how fast you can go, so always stay together, waiting for slower friends to catch up.
 
  See if your school or a club organizes orienteering activities, in which you need a map and a compass to find your way. This can be done as a sport, with teams trying to find the way from A to B (and B to C, etc.) in the fastest time, or simply as a spare-time activity. Either way, it’s not only good fun, but a great way to keep fit.
 
  (    )4. Sitting beside the driver, you should ________.
 
  A. show the driver the way when necessary
 
  B. look ahead to see where there’s a turn
 
  C. talk to the driver happily
 
  D. keep looking at the map to find a place to go to
 
  (    )5. Why do you need to tell someone your
 
  exploration plan before starting?
 
  A. To get information when in danger.
 
  B. To be saved in case of an accident.
 
  C. To share the fun with him / her in the exploration.
 
  D. To tell him / her what’s going on with the group members.
 
  (    )6. Orienteering activities can ________.
 
  A. make people work fast
 
  B. help people stay healthy
 
  C. help people organize other activities
 
  D. make people get prepared for sports
 
  (    )7. The text mainly talks about ________.
 
  A. the fun of exploration
 
  B. what to bring for exploration
 
  C. the way to use the map in exploration
 
  D. how to prevent getting lost in exploration
 
  C ★★★
 
  When I was small and my grandmother died, I couldn’t understand why I had no tears. But that night when my dad tried to cheer me up, my laugh turned into crying.
 
  So it came as no surprise to learn that researchers believe crying and laughing come from the same part of the brain. Just as laughing has many health advantages, scientists are discovering crying does so.
 
  Whatever it takes for us to reduce pressure (减少压力) is important to our emotional(情感的) health, and crying seems to work well. One study found that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men report they feel better after crying.
 
  Besides, tears draw help from other people. Researchers agree that when we cry, people around us become kinder and friendlier and they are more ready to offer support and comfort. Tears also enable us to understand our emotions better; sometimes we don’t even know we’re very sad until we cry. We learn about our emotions through crying, and then we can deal with them.
 
  Just as crying can be healthy, not crying — holding back tears of anger, pain or suffering — can be bad for physical health. Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don’t fight it. It’s a natural healthy and emotional response (反应).
 
  (    )8. Why didn’t the writer cry when her grandmother died?
 
  A. Because her father did not want her to feel too sad.
 
  B. Because she did not love her grandmother.
 
  C. Because she was too shy to cry at that time.
 
  D. The writer doesn’t give the explanation.
 
  (    )9. It can be learned from the text that ______.
 
  A. there are two ways to keep healthy
 
  B. laughing does more good to health than crying
 
  C. crying and laughing play the same roles
 
  D. emotional health has a close relationship to physical health
 
  (    )10. What might be the best title for the text?
 
  A. Power of Tears   B. How to Keep Healthy
 
  C. We Must Cry    D. A New Scientific Discovery
 
 
 
  第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
 
  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
 
  For a few years, I have been wearing a ring on my right hand. It’s not always the     11       ring, but it’s always a ring that has     12       on it so that when I look at it, I’m     13       or reminded(使……想起) of something important. I have made a     14       of buying rings like this whenever I see one in a store. Sometimes I give them away as     15       to someone like Jennie.
 
  I first met Jennie in the     16       waiting room and we had talked several times. One night I sat down beside her and     17       how her son was doing because I knew that he was in a very     18       condition. She told me that she didn’t know what to do any more because it seemed none of the     19       from the doctors was good. They weren’t at all sure     20       her son was going to survive (挺过) the accident that had hurt him so badly. With  21       in her eyes she said, "They’re     22      my hope."
 
  I knew then that it was     23       just a coincidence (巧合) that I was wearing the ring that I had on that day. As she     24       to talk, I     25       took the ring off my finger and placed it in Jennie’s hand. I told her to wear it to remember that God loved her and he would be with her     26       all of this.     27       Jennie looked down at the ring, she got excited and then held it tightly,     28       the word written on the ring was "HOPE".
 
  The last day I was at the hospital, I saw Jennie in the distance as I got on the lift. She     29       and held up the hand with the ring on it as she called out to me saying, "Look, I     30       have Hope!"
 
  (    )11. A. special     B. expensive
 
  C. same       D. cheap
 
  (    )12. A. words     B. pictures
 
  C. names    D. symbols
 
  (    )13. A. forgotten    B. encouraged
 
  C. trusted       D. puzzled
 
  (    )14. A. plan        B. point
 
  C. list             D. habit
 
  (    )15. A. gifts        B. prizes
 
  C. journals     D. thanks
 
  (    )16. A. railway    B. school
 
  C. hospital      D. airport
 
  (    )17. A. asked     B. explained
 
  C. thought         D. found
 
  (    )18. A. stubborn      B. normal
 
  C. serious      D. excellent
 
  (    )19. A. advice      B. news
 
  C. instructions       D. medicine
 
  (    )20. A. why       B. when
 
  C. that      D. whether
 
  (    )21. A. laughter     B. tears
 
  C. anger     D. hope
 
  (    )22. A. keeping up     B. bringing down
 
  C. cutting off  D. taking away
 
  (    )23. A. larger than     B. smaller than
 
  C. more than     D. less than
 
  (    )24. A. continued     B. refused
 
  C. tried      D. started
 
  (    )25. A. carefully     B. quietly
 
  C. nervously     D. shyly
 
  (    )26. A. over     B. beyond
 
  C. through     D. in
 
  (    )27. A. Until    B. While
 
  C. Since      D. When
 
  (    )28. A. for      B. so
 
  C. yet         D. and
 
  (    )29. A. shouted        B. waved
 
  C. cried      D. preferred
 
  (    )30. A. ever     B. only
 
  C. still     D. just
 
  第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
 
  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案写在材料后相应题号的横线上。
 
  Mary: Hello, Peter. Have you bought the book about the
 
  trip for your daughter?
 
  Peter: Yes. The book      31      (send) to me yesterday. It
 
  was really      32      (rely) to buy things on the
 
  Internet.
 
  Mary: Are your daughter fond of it?
 
  Peter: Certainly. As soon as the book arrived she started to
 
  read it. To my surprise,     33      midnight I noticed
 
  that she was still reading it.
 
  Mary: My God! I can’t believe     34     .
 
  Peter: My daughter shows interest in the trip. In her
 
  35     , she can visit some caves and temples
 
  during the trip.
 
  Mary: Could your daughter get up as     36       if she reads
 
  the book late into the night.
 
  Peter: Of course. She made up her mind     37      (be) a
 
  guide after graduating. Her attitude     38      study
 
  has changed greatly.
 
  Mary: If so, I’ll have to change my mind and give one to
 
  my son     39      cares about the trip, too. I wanted
 
  to let him be a doctor, but he didn’t take my advice.
 
  Peter: You should let him do what he wants to do.     40
 
  he has no interest, he won’t do it well.
 
  Mary: You’re right.
 
  31. __________________  32. __________________
 
  33. __________________  34. __________________
 
  35. __________________  36. __________________
 
  37. __________________ 38. __________________
 
  39. __________________ 40. __________________
 
  第三节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
 
  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
 
  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。
 
  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
 
  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
 
  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
 
  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
 
  Last summer holiday, I go to Dalian with my parents. We traveled there on air. Dalian is a very beautiful and modern city. In morning, we arrived at the hotel. After breakfast, we began us tour. First, we took a bus to Sea Park. There were such many different kinds of fish that I couldn’t believe my eye. Then we had lunch in a restaurant. The seafood, which is well-known, was delicious. After lunch we went swim. During this trip, we also went to another places of interest. Several days later, we left for Dalian. We felt very happily. This was the reason why we didn’t feel tired.
 
  第四节   书面表达(满分25分)
 
  某英语刊物正在进行有关旅游的征文活动。请根据以下提示,以“Travelling”为题,用英语写一篇短文,向该刊物投稿。
 
  要点如下:
 
  1. 旅游的好处:领略大自然的美丽;呼吸新鲜空气;结交新朋友;放松自己,强身健体;
 
  2. 旅游中常见问题:天气因素;被偷;可能受伤;
 
  3. 旅游的准备工作:了解天气情况;找个旅伴
 
  (travelling companion) 相互照应;小心谨慎;避
 
  免意外。
 
  注意: 1. 短文中须包括以上所有要点;
 
  2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
 
  3. 词数120左右。
 
  Travelling
 
  ______________________________________________
 
  ______________________________________________
 
  ______________________________________________
 
  ______________________________________________
 
  ______________________________________________
 
  ______________________________________________
 
  ______________________________________________
 
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