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八年级下册英语知识点归纳:第二单元

作者:未知     来源:网络    2017-03-07

 
  一、重点短语
 
  1.argue v.争论;争吵   argue with sb.与某人吵架
 
  I argued with my best friend.我和我的好朋友吵架了。
 
  2.① either adv.(用于否定句)也
 
  He doesn’t have any money, and I don’t, either.他没有钱,我也没有。
 
  I can’t play chess. She can’t, either.我不会下国际象棋,她也不会。
 
  ② too 也(用于肯定或疑问句)
 
  I’m a teacher. He is a teacher, too.我是老师,他也是老师。
 
  3.ask (sb.)for sth.向某人寻求某物;要……
 
  Don’t ask for food every day. Go and find some work. 别天天要饭,找点儿工作做。
 
  I don’t think you should ask your parents for some money.我想你不应向父母要钱。
 
  4.the same as... 与……相同 (注意前后两个比较对象的属性保持一致)
 
  The clothes are the same as my friends’.这些衣服与我朋友的一样。
 
  Tom is the same age as Anna.= Tom is as old as Anna. 汤姆和安娜一样大。
 
  Her backpack is the same as mine. 她的背包与我的一样。
 
  5.except 除……以外;(不包括……在内)
 
  My class has been invited except me.除我以外,我的同学都被邀请了。
 
  All the students went to the park except him.除了他之外,全体同学都去过公园了。
 
  They all traveled America except her. 除了她以外,所有的学生都去美国旅行过。
 
  注意区别:besides 除……以外,还有...(包括在内)
 
  We all went there besides him.除他去以外,我们也都去了。
 
  (= He went there. We went there, too.) 他也去了,我们也去了!/大家都去了!
 
  There are five more visitors besides me.除了我之外还有5名访客 (加上我是6个)
 
  6.wrong adj.错误的;有毛病的;不合适的
 
  ─ What’s wrong with you? 你怎么了?(你哪里不舒服?)
 
  ─ I’ve got a headache.我头痛。
 
  What’s wrong with your watch? It doesn’t work.你的手表怎么了?它不走了。
 
  注意:What’s the matter with you?= What’s wrong with you ?=What’s the trouble with you? 你怎么了?/你出什么事了?
 
  7.get on(well) with sb.与某人相处(融洽)
 
  get on ( well ) with sth. 某事进展地好
 
  The students will get on well with the teacher.学生会和老师相处得非常好。
 
  How are you going on with your new friends? 你和你的新朋友相处的如何 ?
 
  These days, Mr. Green gets on well with his new job.
 
  这些天,格林先生的工作进展很顺利
 
  8. have a fight with sb.= fight with sb.与某人打架
 
  I don’t want to have a fight with my cousin. 我不想和我的堂兄打架。
 
  They never fight with each other. They are really good friends.
 
  他们从不打架,他们的确是好朋友。
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